Guloyas or Buloyas from San Pedro de Macorís are part of the Dominican culture and history and they are considered as humanity cultural heritage.
The story of their origin tells that they were born from the descendant of black cocolos people who immigrated to San Pedro City from Britain islands of the Caribbean and their main characteristics is their use of masks.
The most important characteristic of Guloyas group is undoubtedly the original costume which portrays decorated head with long and colorful peacock feathers; the costume is complimented by the capes of lively colors, colorful shinning stones and mirrors that transmit joy and dynamism to their folkloric representation.
"Buloya"; "Guloya"; "Momisse"; "Wild Indians" or "Mascarade"; "The Bull and The Dog"; and "The Mamoremos" are just some of the many traditional carnival troupes that came to San Pedro de Macorís from the Leeward Islands (Tortola, Nevis, Saint Kitts) at the end of the 19th century and in the early 20th century, via immigrants who came to work in the cane-sugar industry.
Although each of these immigrant cultural manifestations represented distinct theatrical pieces, they collectively came to be known as "Buloya" or "Guloya".